France, US Celebrate New Statue of Liberty
July 03, 2021 02:41 PM(source)
France, US Celebrate New Statue of Liberty
July 03, 2021 02:41 PM
VOA News 搶先看
法國為鞏固與美國外交關係及祝賀其獨立日，在週日（編按： 2021 年 7 月 04日）贈送美國一尊新的自由女神像。自 1885 年起，紐約著名的自由女神像就象徵著法國在美國獨立戰爭時的建立的盟友關係，這座高不到 10 英尺，重近 1,000 磅的新女神像，被暱稱為本尊的 "小姐妹" 。這座迷你雕像將於7 月 4 日在紐約港一同慶祝獨立日後，送往法國駐華盛頓大使館，為7 月 14 日的法國巴士底日揭開序幕，並在那裡放置十年。美國總統拜登上任後，試圖修復美法兩國在過去四年關係的裂痕，法國也期盼贈與微型自由女神像的舉動能讓兩國友誼長存。
Americans will celebrate Independence Day on Sunday with a new Statue of Liberty — again sent by France to celebrate freedom and shared democratic values, at a time of warming transatlantic ties.
Just under 10 feet tall and nearly 1,000 pounds, the statue is being called the “little sister" to the much bigger one France shipped to New York in 1885. It will spend July 4 in New York Harbor, just across from the original on Liberty Island. It then will head to the French Embassy in Washington, for France's Bastille Day, July 14, and will stay there for the next decade.
"It's an iconic statue," said historian Olivier Faron. "And the statue could represent obviously freedom, but it's also a very important point for the relationship between France and the States, from the end of the 19th century, when it was sent in the States."
Faron is general administrator for the National Museum of Arts and Crafts in Paris, where the bronze reproduction was housed before its U.S. voyage.
"I think now, when we are trying to escape the pandemic situation, when our countries have a new page of their history, with a new president — for us the new relationship between the States and Europe, I mean — it's an important political significance for us, too," he said.
The work of 19th-century French sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, the original Statue of Liberty was funded by France. American citizens paid for its pedestal. It reflects one of America's oldest alliances, consolidated in 1778 with France's support of America's revolution against Britain.
"For us, it's important to remember that some French politicians were very engaged to develop freedom, to help American people to be completely free," Faron said.
Nicole Bacharan, a French political analyst specializing in the U.S., called the new statue "really cool. It's something positive, it's something happy, it's something about values, about old friendships and old alliances that need to survive. And it's a gift. It feels really good."
The newest statue's arrival in the U.S. comes after Joe Biden paid his first presidential visit to Europe, intended to shore up transatlantic ties that frayed under the Trump administration. The original Statue of Liberty — sent to the U.S. just after the end of its Civil War — also sought to strengthen diplomatic relations with Washington.
The statues depict broken chains and shackles at the feet of Lady Liberty, symbolizing the end of slavery. Yet the legacy of slavery and European colonialism are hotly debated today, seen with the global Black Lives Matter movement.
Meanwhile, Bacharan said, Europeans question whether their warmer ties with Washington will last beyond the current U.S. administration.
"Everybody in Europe has been very pleased with Joe Biden's attitude toward NATO and Europe overall," she said. "Everybody is acutely aware that American leadership may not be on solid ground at all. But it might just be a moment of pause. So, yes, welcome back, we're happy to see you. We stick together, we know what we have in common … but we're careful."
The U.S. is not the Statue of Liberty's only home. Dozens of replicas can be found in France and elsewhere in the world, including Kosovo, Ukraine and Mexico. There's also one in Paris, given to France by U.S. citizens living here in 1889, to celebrate the French Revolution.
註 1： transatlantic 為形容詞，意指橫越大西洋的；大西洋兩岸國家的
註 2： bronze 為名詞，本文意指青銅
註 3： voyage 為名詞，意指航海；航行；旅行
註 4： pedestal 為名詞，意指基座，底座
註 5： alliance 為名詞，意指結盟國家（或團體），同盟國家（或團體）
註 6： frayed 為形容詞，本文意指磨損的，脫線的
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Check your comprehension!
Choose the BEST answer to each of the questions below. After you finish, highlight the parentheses to reveal the hidden answers.
1. ( D ) What is the main idea of the article?
(A) France's role in providing militaristic aid for the U.S. during its 18th century War of Independence .
(B) New York's celebration of the legacy and history of Statue of Liberty on its anniversary
(C) Biden's diplomatic visit to France to strike a new trade deal between France and the U.S.
(D) France's gifting the U.S. a second Statue of Liberty to strengthen their diplomatic relationship
2. ( B ) Which of the following statements about the newly erected Statue of Liberty is TRUE?
(A) The United States is the only country in the world that have had erected Statue of Liberty.
(B) The two Statues of Liberty gifted by France would be both in New York on the 4th of July.
(C) The new Statue of Liberty is twice as large and taller than the one on Liberty Island.
(D) The original Statue of Liberty was erected to celebrate U.S.'s victory in the war of 1812.
3. ( C ) What is Nicole Bacharan's attitude toward the current diplomatic relationship between France and the U.S.?
(A) Very disappointing
(B) Overly pessimistic
(C) Cautiously optimistic
(D) Extremely hopeful