To be or not to be, that is the question—
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing, end them. To die, to sleep—
No more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to — 'tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep—
To sleep, perchance to dream. Ay, there's the rub,
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come,
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause. There's the respect
That makes calamity of so long life,
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
Th'oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely,
The pangs of despised love, the law's delay,
The insolence of office, and the spurns
That patient merit of th'unworthy takes,
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin? who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death,
The undiscovered country from whose bourn
No traveller returns, puzzles the will,
And makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all,
And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought,
And enterprises of great pitch and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry,
And lose the name of action

              Hamlet, Act III, Scene I

Shakespeare watched triumphantly from high above on Hamlet's trial


What do you make of the beautiful lines in the left column? (DO take some time to read through them, PLEASE.) Would you call this passage a crazy man's soliloquy, or the best description of the human nature ever written?

Let's see how those in a mock trial on Hamlet would say.


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◎ 英文小老師諮詢服務(長期公告)

英文小老師服務線上預約系統已經啟用,時間地點和諮詢的內容在網頁上也都可以看到喔,歡迎大家多多利用。...... 我要預約



LiveABC 全民英檢網




來做個翻譯小練習吧!「在台灣開車很危險。車輛總是很多,也常看到車子在蛇行。」你要怎麼翻?... "Driving in Taiwan is very dangerous. Traffic is always heavy and..." OH MY GOD! 要死了~ 「蛇行」怎麼翻? 這就是英檢中高級的複試考題唷!若你不甘於只通過英檢初試,還想更進一步打敗複試,但是複試的練習材料有限,要怎麼辦呢?沒關係,把拔買給你!哦不,是視聽館提供給你!大家先連去看看,若是不大會用,請期待下一期電子報,小編將介紹此線上練習網站的詳細使用方法唷!...... 等不及了,我要先睹為快




配合本期「英語宅急便」的內容,這次的館藏介紹主題也訂為《哈姆雷特》。相信大家對這目齣劇名都是耳熟能詳,但是曾經真正看過它的實在少之又少,是吧?那麼不如就到視聽館來看看新進的BBC版影片吧!如果不敢一下子口味吃得太重,也可以先來一點小品,看看片長半小時的《哈姆雷特》劇評,也算是跟莎士比亞有點接觸,不但能學點英文,與人閒聊時也多了點料,可以扯些莎劇,好像肚中也有那麼些墨水,也是不錯的唷!...... 再看一點介紹



Guilty, or not? Sane, or not? Shakespeare wouldn't tell


Shylock: Antonio, I haven’t seen you for a long time. They said that you went on a trip to the States. How was that?

Antonio: Very enjoyable. I went to “Shakespeare in Washington,” a six-month festival with more than 500 performances and events of all kind—traditional, whimsical, inventive, and offbeat.

Shylock: Oh, that Shakespeare is quite a bad guy! He wrote a play called The Merchant of Venice, in which a poor Jew merchant is treated quite unfairly in a court scene.

Antonio: Speaking of the court, I went to “The Trial of Hamlet,” a mock trial based on Shakespeare’s greatest tragedy, Hamlet. It was a whopping success. An audience of more than a thousand crowded into the theater to see how the case was prosecuted and defended, and what the final verdict would be.

Shylock: And what was the verdict?

Antonio: Since Shakespeare wrote a deliberate puzzle, the jurors deadlocked by 6 to 6, in elegant tribute to Shakespeare’s enigmatic masterpiece.

Shylock: What? They had a jury, too?

Antonio: Or what do you think a “mock trial” should look like? Things proceeded as they would be in a real court, only that the case is fictive. In additional to the jury, they had four nationally known attorneys who argued as they would in any court, and two prominent psychiatric experts who gave testimony with regard to Hamlet’s status of mind. Moreover, the trial was presided over by a real U.S. Supreme Court justice.

Shylock: That’s extraordinary. I don’t suppose that attorneys and psychiatrists and court justices whould have so much time performing for the public. Oh, wait a minute! Probably the psychiatrists do have some time.

Antonio: Hey, be respectful to psychiatrists. Our new century abounds in madness, and they are getting busier and busier these days.

Shylock: Alright then, what did our busy psychiatrists have to say about poor Hamlet’s mental status?

Antonio: They brought about an intriguing division. One diagnosis is that Hamlet’s monologues were signs of a crazy person talking to himself. And his encounters with his murdered father’s ghost were hallucinations that further proved his madness. But the other side simply believed that the seemingly schizophrenic Hamlet was feigning madness in order that he could carry out his criminal plan more smoothly. His sanity was so difficult to tell that it was no wonder the jurors were deadlocked.

Shylock: You see, I told you what a bad guy Shakespeare is. He wouldn’t rest in peace even hundreds of years after his death. He wanted everyone to keep arguing for something he failed to make clear.

Antonio: Ha, I guess you are partly right in saying so. But don’t forget one thing. Great writers never make everything clear. That’s why they are great.



whimsical (adj) 異想天開的
psychiatric (adj) 精神病學的
offbeat (adj) 非傳統的,特異的
testimony (n) 證詞
mock (adj) 假的,模擬的
preside (v) 主持,擔任主席
whopping (adj) 巨大的
Supreme Court (n) 最高法院
crowd (v) 擠滿
abound in (ph) 充滿,富於
prosecute (v) 起訴
intriguing (adj) 有趣的
verdict (n) 判決
monologue (n) 獨白
deadlock (v) 僵持
hallucination (n) 幻覺
tribute (n) 敬意,尊崇
seemingly (adv) 表面上
enigmatic (adj) 如謎的,難理解的
schizophrenic (adj) 精神分裂的
masterpiece (n) 傑作,名作
feign (v) 假裝
fictive (adj) 想像的
sanity (n) 清醒
attorney (n) 律師
no wonder (ph) 難怪



Reuters:Sane or not, Hamlet a hit in Washington trial

Washington Post:Is he to be guilty, or not to be guilty?


English Freeway


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