Espresso Expands Into Space
Last updated on: November 27, 2014 12:19 AM (source)
November 27, 2014 12:19 AM
espresso coffee has devotees
around the world, with a growing number of people abandoning a regular
cup of coffee for the thicker brew.
Now, Italian coffee machine makers are working to create a device that
will be able to produce espresso in weightless
conditions on the International Space Station.
重力狀態(in weightless conditions)的國際航空站中沖製義式濃縮咖啡。
people cannot imagine life without coffee, and for most Italians,
coffee means espresso, a thick brew prepared in a special coffee
So, when Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti headed for the
International Space Station earlier this month, her compatriots worried how she would
survive there for six months, drinking only instant coffee.
"I believe that when working as an astronaut, a job in which you have
to reason a lot, reflect, and be attentive, espresso is definitely very
important," said one Italian.
To help Cristoforetti and other espresso lovers in orbit, the famed Turin-based coffee
maker Lavazza and engineering firm Argotec, which specializes in making
space food, joined forces to
produce a coffee machine that would work at zero gravity.
"We had to figure out how to make coffee on the station exactly like we
make it on earth. The other difficulty was complying with safety measures in
order to qualify the machine as 'On-Board software' on the
International Space Station," said Alberto Cabilli, R&D manager for
The machine, called ISSpresso, overcomes the absence of gravity by
firing pressurized water
through capsules of coffee. Cristoforetti took it with her for testing
when she blasted off into
orbit on November 23.
zero gravity)運作的咖啡機，好幫Cristoforetti還有其它太空站軌道上(in orbit)的
"The concept of this machine was for an experiment, so we started as a
technology demonstration experiment, but NASA was very much interested
in getting this machine and keeping it on the station most likely for a
long time, not just to make a few coffees. So this means that most
likely, if everything goes well, after this technology demonstration
the machine will be kept at the International Space Station and be
available for all the astronauts rotating on the station," said David
Avino, Argotec’s managing director.
Italians consider themselves great connoisseurs
of coffee, perhaps with good reason.
(with good reason)。
"We are very proud, not only as Italians but also as residents of Turin
- the first espresso machine was created in Turin in 1884, so about 130
years ago. And today in 2014, another two Turin-based realities -
Lavazza and Argotec - developed a machine that will bring espresso -
not only across the world, but even in space," said Marcello Arcangeli,
the head of Lavazza’s training center network.
Besides espresso, the ISSpresso machine is capable of preparing tea and
devotee (n) 熱心之士；愛好者；. . .迷 *有-ee結尾的自重音都會在最後
weightless (a) 無重量的；無重力的
brew (n) (釀製飲料的)質地，口味
別口味與口感；brew亦常做動詞，指「釀製(酒類)」、「沖泡(咖啡、茶)」的意思，例句：Every beer on the menu was
brewed locally. (菜單上的啤酒都是當地釀造的。)
compatriot (n) 同國人，同胞
orbit (n) 運行軌道
join forces (v phr) 協力合作
comply with . . . (v phr) 遵守
measure (n) 準則；標準
pressurize (v) 加壓
blast off (v phr) (太空梭、火箭等)發射升空 *blast當動詞使用時常見的意思還有「把. .
.炸裂」、「嚴厲批評」、「. . . 發出巨大聲響」等意思
connoisseur (n) 鑑賞家,行家
rotate (v) 旋轉，轉動
Check your vocabulary!
in the blanks with a word or phrase from the list above. Make necessary
changes. After you finish, select the text above to reveal the hidden
1. Once in space, the spacecraft will go into orbit
around the Earth.
2. Local schools have joined forces
with each other to share facilities.
3. This wine is brewed
4. There are serious penalties for failure to comply with
5. Lord Burlington was a great collector and connoisseur
6. He's a devotee
of old Hollywood