1. atrium: a very large room, often with glass walls or roof, especially in the middle of a large shop or office building
2. apothecary:a person who in the past made and sold medicines
3. handful: small amount of something
4. flood: large amount of something
5. Promontory Point: A place in Utah where the first transcontinental railroad in the world was connected.
6. mine: to dig a large hole in the ground in order to remove coal, gold etc.
7. genesis: the beginning or the original of something
8. miscegenation: when people of different races have a sexual relationship or have children together.
9. ghetto: a part of a city where people of a particular race or class, especially people who are poor, live separately from the rest of the people in the city.
10. sneaky: doing things in a secret and often dishonest or unfair way.
11. segregation: when people of different races, sexes or religions are kept apart so that they live, work, or study separately.
B. Multiple choice
1. In 1840s, why did so many Chinese flood into the United States?
A) For building railroads B) For making business with Americans
C) For selling gold D) For doing mining jobs
2. When did Chinese move to the United States in the first place?
A) In 1840s B) In 1700s
C) In 1882 D) In 1949
3. When did Chinese start doing mining jobs?
A) In 1840s B) Before 1840s
C) After 1840s D) In 1840
4. Where did the European and Irish workers start to do the railroad?
A) From the West Coast B) From the East Coast
C) From Utah D) From Promontory Point
5. Which of the followings was referred to the so called “Gold Mountain” by the Chinese gold miners?
A) California B) Los Angeles
C) San Francisco D) Alaska
C. Listening practice: Transcribing
Listen to the clip, and fill in the blanks:
But once the Gold Rush was over and the railway __(6)__, the laborers were no longer welcome. A new labor movement, backed by __(7)__ political groups, rallied - and sometimes __(8)__ - against the immigrants who were seen as taking American jobs. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was the only U.S. law ever to block immigration and __(9)__ on the basis of national __(10)__.
News source: Voice of America