台大外語教學暨資源中心英語學習報

 

You say global warming, I say climate change

「全球暖化」、「氣候變遷」,該說哪一種?

eti_climatechange.jpg
(photo from http://keetsa.com/blog/pollution/climate-change/climate-change-will-lead-to-extinction/ )


 最新消息

台大外語教學暨資源中心暑期TOEFL & GRE 單字學習活動 7/10-9/10

台大外語教學暨資源中心即將舉辦暑期TOEFL & GRE 單字學習活動,這項個人競賽時間從7/10-9/10,,只要是台大在學生,都可以參加,本競賽取各組前15%參賽者進行頒獎,並頒發獎狀,在大學裡能夠拿到獎狀的機會很少,希望同學能把握,相信這張獎狀對未來申請學校或是求職勢必能夠加分,詳情請上 外語教學暨資源中心網站 查看。

不論您是否已經安排了國外旅遊還是在世界任何角落,都可以透過有網路連線的電腦,每天跟著進度參加比賽喔!

http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~ntuavc/myet_contest_result/99summer/myet_contest_99summer.html


MyET 單字王

外語教學中心最新購買了一套新課程--MyET單字王,要準備GRE和TOEFL的同學,這一套課程能幫助你擴充單字量、提升字彙能力,並且修正發音,是準備留學考試很好的練習工具。欲申請美國、加拿大各大學研究所的同學,快來看看如何使用吧!

英語學習系列

MyET 單字集

單字集說明

歐美留學英語

字首字根必備千字表 【1160字】

http://140.112.185.6/ElizaWeb/ElizaImages/Vocabulary/Yellow_arrow.gif

適合欲申請美國各大學研究所或研究機構的學習者

http://140.112.185.6/ElizaWeb/ElizaImages/Vocabulary/Yellow_arrow.gif

收列大專以上程度的GRE必備常考字彙

http://140.112.185.6/ElizaWeb/ElizaImages/Vocabulary/Yellow_arrow.gif

依據英語前百大字首、字根詳盡分類整理

托福TOEFL ibt 精選字彙 【500字】

http://140.112.185.6/ElizaWeb/ElizaImages/Vocabulary/Yellow_arrow.gif

適合欲至美國、加拿大完成高等教育的非英語國家的學習者

http://140.112.185.6/ElizaWeb/ElizaImages/Vocabulary/Yellow_arrow.gif

收列英文最重要的字首、字根歸納分類

MyET帳號申請和使用說明


自學包裹(Self-Study Package)中高級第56期上線了

許多來自阿富汗的未成年小孩被其父母以偷渡的方式進入澳洲,目的無為了躲避塔利班政權的迫害,或者是希望他們能夠在澳洲找到新生活。

霍華德(John Howard)與陸克文(Kevin Rudd)政府時代,這些小孩安置在所謂的滯留中心(detention centre),在新任總理吉拉德(Julia Gillard)上台後即表態認為將孩子關在滯留中心是不對的,她將協助這弱勢孩子取得居留簽證,以及將他們安置在適合的社區中,但是目前澳洲政府仍面臨許多難題...。來看看最新一期的自學包裹吧!

快來練習自學包裹吧 | 申請帳號和使用說明

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 E-Freeway主題介紹

feature of the week

geobeats

"geobeats"是個提供旅遊景點介紹影片的網站,裡頭有全世界熱門景點的介紹影片可供觀賞,帶領大家觀看世界的每一角落,大家可以好好在此練習一下英文聽力, 請不要錯過喔!

來看介紹 | 直接進入網站


Members Only資源介紹

EASE

如果你的母語不是英語,可是想到英語系國家進修或是上課時得用英語聽講的話,那麼 EASE (Essential Academic Skills in English) 這一個課程,將可以滿足這樣的學習需求,幫助各位同學增進在學術方面的英語能力。而其中的"Listening to Lectures"是一套完整的英語聽講學習系統,使用真實課堂錄影範例,完善的課程,帶領同學一步步聽懂英文講課。http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~ntuavc/epaper/members/member001.htm


Coca-Cola Museum

本期要介紹可口可樂博物館, 除了這裡之外, 在其他地方絕不會每年有一百多萬人掏出十六美元參觀一座專門頌揚單一品牌產品的園區,遊客都知道在這裡看到的會是一百多年來的口號、宣傳歌曲、及其他廣告,而且這些都已然成了美國文化史的一部分,詳情請看 Advanced English 7月號! http://efreeway.avcenter.ntu.edu.tw/freeway/MemberMenu_join.htm

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 館藏介紹

雜誌增廣見聞、又提升英文能力,哪有這麼棒的事呀!本期介紹外語教學暨資源中心和圖書館皆有購買的科學人知識庫,若善加利用,則這是一個對學習英文相當有幫助的工具唷!

 英語宅急便     

You say global warming, I say climate change

「全球暖化」、「氣候變遷」,該說哪一種?

多數人同意地球在發燒,氣候在變化,前一陣子澳洲昆士蘭省百年大水、美國四處出現龍捲風、英國倫敦出現嚴重的寒害,但是問題來了,到底是英文中的兩個詞組:global warming、climate change,其中有何不同呢?

Here in the UK we had a spell of unusually cold weather at the end of last year –  the coldest December in over 100 years. People who don’t accept the idea of climate change could hardly conceal their delight, as they asked: ‘Where’s your global warming now, then?’. The mistake here is to confuse weather and climate: the weather refers to conditions at a particular time, and – in the UK, at least – the weather’s well-known changeability provides one of our favourite topics of conversation. The climate, on the other hand, is about the ‘big picture‘: the way the weather looks (and changes) over the long term. But as James Geary pointed out in an earlier post, global warming is a problematic term. He quoted research showing that, although global warming and climate change refer to the same phenomenon, the choice of words affected people’s position on the subject. Interviews with Republican voters in the US revealed that 60% accepted climate change was happening, but only 44% believed in global warming. As the researchers pointed out, the problem with ‘global warming’ is that it ‘entails a directional prediction of rising temperatures that is easily discredited by any cold spell’. That is exactly what happened here last December.

Not surprisingly, then, the environmentalist lobby prefers the term climate change, whereas their conservative opponents tend to use global warming. The latter expression has in fact been in decline in recent years. A little research on the excellent Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) shows that global warming was a more frequent term than climate change during the 1990s, and for most of the noughties, the two expressions were equally common. But in the last two years, things have changed dramatically: climate change overtook global warming in 2010, and the data for 2011 year shows that it is now four times more frequent (occurring about 49 times per million words of text, as against global warming‘s 12.6 per million).

As always, the __(4)__ we choose are important. The climate change debate can get quite heated, with the skeptics, for example, portraying their opponents as Luddites, tree huggers, or ‘beardy environmentalists’. __(5)__, those who accept the consensus of scientific opinion use derisive language to talk about those who don’t, often referring to them as ‘__(6)__’. This is a highly emotive word: though occasionally found in other contexts, it was __(7)__ recently almost always used in the context of the Holocaust. So if you describe someone as a ‘climate change denier’, you’re __(8)__ saying that they have misunderstood the science – you are taking the moral high ground, and implying they are no better than someone who denies the existence of the Holocaust.

It’s a short step from moral disapproval to the use of language more typical of religious discourse. Green campaigners predict an impending apocalypse, a climatic Armageddon, and even refer to biblical climate change – prompting the other side to accuse them of being climate evangelists or zealots. Martin Palmer, who has a foot in the religious and theological camps, has compared the idea of carbon trading (where you effectively buy the right to pollute) to the sale of indulgences in medieval Europe (a system that allowed the rich to pay to have their sins forgiven). It will be interesting to see what further linguistic novelties this debate generates. Our ‘What’s your English?’ theme is moving on now, but we’ll still be keeping an eye on green English.

 

Answering questions:

1. What is the difference between the terms of “climate” and “weather?”

A) The former is referred to the weather condition at a particular period of time.

B) The latter can be referred to a particular climatic phenomenon.

C) The former is referred to the way that weather changes over a long time.

D) The latter can be referred to the weather situation in which the temperature keeps going up.

 

2. Based on the research of James Geary, the term, “global warming” is problematic because____.

A) global warming is not a weather problem

B) it misleads public that rising temperature is equal to climate change.

C) the weather is getting hotter, not warmer

D) most places do not have hot weather

 

3. What is TRUE about the term, “global warming?”

A) More and more people prefer to use the other term.

B) In 90s, more people preferred to use “climate change.”

C) Global warming is proven to be a more emotional term.

D) COCA is the institute which opposes the use of “global warming.”

 

4. A) words B) word C) sentence D) sentences

5. A) On the same side B) On the other way C) On the other side D) Out of question

6. A) accepters B) skeptics C) lobbyists D) deniers

7. A) since B) until C) not D) from

8. A) simply B) not simply

 

Answer keys: C B A A C D B B

Source: Macmillan dictionary--http://www.macmillandictionaryblog.com/you-say-global-warming-i-say-climate-change

 
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